How to Buy a Firearm in Maryland

Maryland gun laws can be confusing to most people.  They change regularly, and things don't always make sense.  We hope that this page will help you better understand what you need to do to purchase a firearm in Maryland.

LONG GUNS (rifles and shotguns)

Purchasing a long gun in Maryland is quite easy.  You complete one simple federal form in our store, we conduct an instant background check through the FBI, we collect payment for the firearm and any accessories you're purchasing, then you get to take your purchases home with you if the background check system gives us a "proceed".  Occasionally, the background check system will give us a "delay" response.  That does not mean there's something in your criminal background that's preventing you from owning a firearm.  Most of the time it is because there is a technical problem with the background check system itself.  Most delays are resolved within a day or two.


Purchasing a handgun in Maryland is where things get a little complicated.  Maryland law requires you to have a Handgun Qualification License (HQL) prior to purchasing a handgun.  Antique, curio or relic handguns, and AR-15 lower receivers are exempt.  See our HQL website for more details on the HQL and the process to obtain one.

After you decide which handgun you want, we collect payment in full for your order, then you'll complete the same federal form as for a long gun, plus a Maryland state form called the "77R".  There is a 7-day waiting period for handguns in Maryland.  Once your background check is complete, and the 7-day waiting period has ended, you will receive an email from Maryland State Police stating you are free to come pick up your handgun.  You will have to come back to the store to finalize the paperwork and pick up your new handgun purchase.

If you have additional questions, feel free to contact us and we'll do our best to help you.